Keratoconus

Fort Worth Eye Center - Keratoconus Fort Worth TX

Treating

Keratoconus

Keratoconus is a condition that affects your cornea, the dome-shaped, clear part of your eye. Keratoconus causes the thinning of the cornea and bulging outward from the natural round shape of the cornea into a cone shape, resulting in blurry vision, light sensitivity, and other vision problems. Visual correction of keratoconus is usually optimized with contact lenses and not glasses. Our team of optometry professionals is happy to provide the Fort Worth community with proper treatment for this eye ailment.

Fort Worth Eye Center - Keratoconus Fort Worth TX

Common

Symptoms

Worsening vision

Cloudy vision

Blurred vision

Distorted vision

Bright light sensitivity

Glare sensitivity

Problems with night driving

Frequent changes in lens prescriptions

Risk Factors

The exact cause of keratoconus isn’t entirely clear. However, 1 in 10 people with this eye condition has a parent with keratoconus. Complications that can develop from the progression of keratoconus include cornea scarring and worsening vision problems. You may eventually need a corneal transplantation if it’s left untreated. While anyone can develop keratoconus, certain factors increase your risk of having it. Examples include:

  • Vigorous eye rubbing
  • Family history of keratoconus
  • Environmental factors causing hay fever or asthma
  • Connective tissue disorders (Marfan Syndrome and Ehler’s-Danlos Syndrome)
  • Atopic dermatitis

Diagnosing

Keratoconus

To determine if you have keratoconus, your eye care professional will discuss your symptoms and medical history. Then they conduct a comprehensive eye exam, assess your vision, and may complete specialized tests to evaluate the shape of your cornea, also known as corneal topography mapping.

Treatments

Treatment of keratoconus depends on the severity of your condition. Your specialist might recommend:

Vision Correction Lenses

Some patients with keratoconus are able to achieve adequate vision with glasses. Other patients may require medically necessary contact lenses such as scleral or hybrid contact lenses.

Corneal Collagen Cross-Linking

Corneal cross-linking (CXL) is a procedure that is used to strengthen the bonds of collagen fibers in the cornea with ultraviolet (UV) light and riboflavin. This helps slow and or stop the progression of the cornea. Note, this is not a cure nor will it reverse the current effects of keratoconus.

Surgery

In very advanced keratoconus cases where eyeglasses and scleral contact lenses do not improve vision significantly, a corneal transplant may be required. After the transplant, some patients are able to see without eyeglasses or scleral contact lenses and others still require them.

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